Dr.rer.pol., Arnis Sauka

Dr.rer.pol. Arnis Sauka

Associate Professor and Director of the Centre for Sustainable Business

at the Stockholm School of Economics in Riga 

                            E-mail: arnis.sauka@sseriga.edu

                            Address: Strelnieku street 4a, LV-1010, Riga, Latvia


Dr. Arnis Sauka is an Associate Professor and the Director of the Centre for Sustainable Business at SSE Riga. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Siegen (Germany) and has been a Visiting Scholar at Jönköping International Business School (Sweden) and University College London (U.K.). His academic research findings, which deal with the shadow economy, tax morale, competitiveness, social responsibility, internationalisation of companies and entrepreneurship policies, have been published in journals, including Journal of Business Ethics, International Small Business Journal, Journal of Comparative Economics, as well as number of edited books and book chapters. Drawing on his academic work, Arnis has also been extensively involved in applied research. This has included contracted reports for the OECD and Eurofound as well as for various industry associations and NGOs. Arnis Sauka is co- author of the annual Shadow Economy Index for the Baltic Countries (with Prof. Tālis J. Putniņš, since 2009), author of FICIL Sentiment Index, amongst others, and he has participated in and managed various EU-funded international projects.

Arnis has also been involved in management and consultancy activities, including working as Vice Rector for Studies and Research at Ventspils University College (2011-2013), a board member of the NGO BASE (Business Against the Shadow Economy) (since 2015), and a senior consultant for PricewaterhouseCoopers (2008). From 2011-2014 he was Advisor to the Minister of Health on Financial and Economic Issues. Arnis is also an Expert in Management Science and an Expert in Economics at the Latvian Council for Science (since 2011) as well as a member of the promotion committee of the doctoral programme implemented by the BA School of Business and Finance and RISEBA University.


Shadow economy, tax morale, internationalization of SMEs, business growth and strategies, institutions and entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship policy making, competitiveness and social contribution of entrepreneurs, SMEs development in transition countries.


Contemporary Entrepreneurship Research

New Scientists Lab- advancing skills for developing doctoral thesis

How to Write an Academic Article




Mickiewicz, T., A. Rebmann and A. Sauka (2017), To Pay or not to Pay? Business Owners’ Tax Morale: Testing a Neo- Institutional Framework in a Transition Environment. Journal of Business Ethics. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-017-3623-2 



Mickiewicz, T., A. Sauka and U. Stephan (2016), On the Compatibility of Benevolence and Self-Interest:  Philanthropy and Entrepreneurial Orientation. International Small Business Journal, 34(3), 303-328.


Putnins, T. and A. Sauka (2015), Measuring the Shadow Economy Using Company Managers. Journal of Comparative Economics, 43 (2015), 471-490.


Sauka, A. (2015), Measuring the Competitiveness of Latvian Companies. Baltic Journal of Economics, 14:1-2, 140-158.


Sauka, A. and F. Welter (2014), Determinants of Business Insolvencies During Economic Growth and Recession in Latvia. Journal of Baltic Studies, 45:3.


Sauka, A. (2012) Petter Gottschalk, Entrepreneurship and Organised Crime. Entrepreneurs in Illegal Business. International Small Business Journal, 30:99.


Putnins, T. and A. Sauka (2011) Size and Determinants of Shadow Economies in the Baltic States. Baltic Journal of Economics, 11(2), 5-25.


Aidis, R. T. Mickiewicz and A. Sauka (2011) Small- and Medium-Sized Businesses’ Growth Expectations and Financial Performance in Latvia: Does Ethnicity Matter? Journal of Baltic Studies, 42:3.




Sauka, A. and A. Chepurenko (2017) (Eds.), Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies. Diversity, Trends, and Perspectives. Springer. http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319573410


Sauka, A., F. Schneider and C. Williams (2016) (Eds.), Entrepreneurship and the Shadow Economy. Edward Elgar.


Smallbone, D., M. Virtanen and A. Sauka (2016) (Eds.), Entrepreneurship: Innovation and Regional Development. Edward Elgar.


Sauka, A. and B. Rivža (Eds.) (2014) Challenges of Economy and Entrepreneurship in Latvia. Ventspils, Ventspils Augstskola. (in Latvian)


Sauka, A. (2013) Case Studies of Latvian Entrepreneurs: for Lecturers, Scientists and Practitioners. Latvia: SSE Riga. (in Latvian)


Sauka, A., et. al. (2011) Guide for New Entrepreneurs. Riga, Latvia: SSE Riga.(in Latvian)


Sauka, A. (2008), Productive, Unproductive and Destructive Entrepreneurship: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang GmbH.


Baltrušaitytė-Axelson, J., A. Sauka, and F. Welter (2008), Nascent Entrepreneurship in Latvia. Riga, Latvia: SSE Riga.


Chapters in books


Putnins, T. and A. Sauka (2016) The components and determinants of the shadow economy: Evidence from the Baltic countries. In Sauka, A. F. Schneider and C. Williams (Eds) Entrepreneurship and the Shadow Economy. Edward Elgar.


Sauka, A. and L. Auza (2015) Internationalisation Strategies of Latvia Entrepreneurs: Cases of Stenders, Munio Candela, Trousers London and Primekss. In Farihna, L., J. Fereirra, H. Birkbeck and S. Bagchi- Sen (Eds) Handbook of Research on Global Competitive Advantage through Innovation and Entrepreneurship. IGI Global.


Sauka, A. and F. Welter (2014) Furnitura Ltd. In J. Hayton, C. Salvato and M. Manimala (Eds.) Global Entrepreneurship. Case Studies of Entrepreneurial Firms Operation Around the World. Routledge.


Sauka, A. and F. Welter (2014) From the advanced transition environment to the international markets: key opportunities and challenges for Madara Cosmetics. In Thai, M. and E. Turkina (Eds) Internationalization of Firms from Economies of Transition: The Effects of Politico-economic Swift. Edward Elgar.


Sauka, A. (2013) Hidden Champions from Latvia, in McKiernan, P. and D. Purg (Eds.) ‘Hidden Champions in CEE and Turkey- Carving out global niche’. Springer.


Sauka, A. and F. Welter (2012) Born Green and Global: the Case of MADARA Cosmetics, in D. Kariv, Female Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation. An International Overview. New York/ London: Routledge.


Sauka, A., A. Timofejevs and R. Moore (2011) EWaiter, In S. Kraus (Ed.) Entrepreneurship Fallstudien. Unternehmensgrundung, Intrapreneurship und Innovationsmanagement. Verlag/Wien: Springer.


Sauka, A. and F. Welter (2011) Mentalities and Mindsets - The Difficulties of Entrepreneurship Policies in the Latvian Context. In F. Welter and D. Smallbone (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship Policies in Central and Eastern Europe. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.


Dainov, E. and A. Sauka (2010) Managers and Entrepreneurs in Creative and Knowledge- Intensive Industries: What Determines Their Location? Toulouse, Helsinki, Budapest, Riga and Sofia. In S. Musterd and A. Murie (Eds.) Making Competitive Cities. Wiley: Blackwell.


Sauka, A. and F. Welter (2008) Taking advantage of transition: the case of Safety Ltd. in Latvia, in Aidis, R.; Welter, F. (Eds.), The cutting edge: innovation and entrepreneurship in new Europe, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Sauka, A. and F. Welter (2007) Productive, Unproductive and Destructive Entrepreneurship in an Advanced Transition Setting: The Example of Latvian Small Enterprises, in Michael Dowling and Jurgen Schmude (Eds.), Empirical Entrepreneurship in Europe’, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar.

Selected industry reports:


Sauka, A. (2017) Shadow Economy in the Construction Sector in Latvia, 2015-2016. BASE: Riga, Latvia. (In Latvian)


Putnins, T. and A. Sauka (2016) Shadow Economy Determinants and Impact Assessment in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. OECD: Paris.


Sauka, A. (2016) Factors Influencing Shadow Economy in Construction Industry in Latvia. Viewpoints of Entrepreneurs and Experts. SSE Riga and BASE: Riga, Latvia. (in Latvian)


Masane- Ose, J. and A Sauka (2016) Foreign Investors’ Viewpoints on the Shadow Economy in Latvia. KPMG, SSE Riga and FICIL: Riga, Latvia.


Sauka, A. (2016) IIlegal TV market Share in Latvia. SSE Riga, BASE. (in Latvian)


Sauka, A. (2016) Inclusive Entrepreneurship in Latvia. OECD Policy Assessment Note, OECD: Paris.


Sauka, A. (2016) Latvian Entrepreneurs About the Quality of Juridical System in Latvia. SSE Riga. (in Latvian)


Sauka, A. (2015) Investment Climate in Latvia: the Viewpoints of the Foreign Investors. FICIL Sentiment Index 2015. FICIL and SSE Riga.


Rudzitis, E., S. Porina- Palsane and A. Sauka (2015) Pensometer (How Envelope Wages Impact Pensions of Inhabitants of the Baltic countries). CSB and SEB.


Sauka, A. (2015) Supporting the Unemployed in Entrepreneurship in Latvia. OECD Report: Paris.


Sauka, A. (2013) Restructuring in SMEs: Latvia. European Foundation for improvement of working an living conditions, Eurofound: Dublin.


SSE Riga Shadow Economy Index for the Baltic countries (with Talis Putnins), 7 reports since 2011, most recent: Putnins, T. and A. Sauka (2017) Shadow Economy Index of Baltic Countries 2009-2016. SSE Riga.

Since 2014. WEF Global Competitiveness Index project manager from Latvia http://reports.weforum.org/global-competitiveness-report-2015-2016/


Reviewer for Small Business Economics, Journal of Small Business Management, Regional Studies, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Technological and Economic Development of the Economy, Emerging Market Review, Post-Communist Economies, European Societies, Journal of Baltic Studies.

European Association for Comparative Economic Studies, Member (www.eaces.eu).

European Council of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Member of the Board of Directors (2010-2013), Vice president for Latvia (2007-2010, since 2014) (www.ecsb.org).

International Council of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Member (www.icsb.org).

Academy of Management, Member. Ambassador of ENT division in Latvia (2010-2015)  (www.aomonline.org).